Montreal | Quebec

By-law R-036, A By-law on the standards of safety and conduct to be observed by persons in the rolling stock and buildings operated by or for the Société de transport de Montréal

The Montreal public transit authority’s bylaw states that no person may “smoke or have in his possession tobacco or any other lit substance” or “use an electronic cigarette in such a manner that it emits vapour or smoke.” This applies to all “buildings” and “rolling stock” as defined above, including buses and subway trains, and their stations, shelters, and platforms. The provisions of the bylaw related to electronic cigarettes came into effect on 1 March 2015.

Products Included

Cigarettes, Cigars, Pipes, Electronic Smoking Devices


“Building:” a parking, bus terminal, subway station, train station, or any other building of which the Société is the owner or which it operates, including as a landlord, tenant or otherwise, and more particularly, any booth, path, platform, manoeuvring area, waiting area, fare office or other building adjacent to this building; a shelter, a bus shelter, a bicycle shelter or a sign post is assimilated to a building within the meaning of this By-Law. “Rolling stock:” a bus, minibus, subway car, or any other vehicle used for the transportation of persons, by or for the Société, including any vehicle used by an agent of the Société.

Places Smoking Prohibited

E-cigarettes (indoors)
E-cigarettes (outdoors)
Transit Shelters/Stops

Policy Analysis

This is a leading edge bylaw because it prohibits the use of electronic cigarettes in buildings owned by the transit authority, as well as in transit shelters and on buses and subways. The bylaw could be improved by adding a smoke-free buffer zone around these buildings and shelters.

Date Passed: July 2, 2003

Date in Force:

Date Last Amended: December 17, 2014

Leading Edge: Yes

Level of Government: Municipal

Smoke-free Ontario Act Status: Exceeds Smoke-free Ontario Act

Bylaw Under Development? No

Supporting Information

Please find contact information related to this bylaw, and links to supporting materials.

Contact: 514-786-4636 + 6 + 3

Back to Bylaw Search Page